Travelling for adventure is a form of tourism in which there is exploration and possible risk and which requires some special skills and physical exertion. Travelling for adventure is a recreation that has been growing in leaps and bounds in recent times. As people seek more out of door experience in woods and possibly potentially dangerous places, the need for outdoor travels for adventure has become widely unravelled. However, because it does not have a clear operational definition, its growth has been hampered.

Adventure travelling may also be referred to as adventure tourism and it involves such activities like physical activities, activities which involve exchange of culture and also a connection with nature. People go for adventure tourism for different reasons which covers the aforementioned activities. Adventure tourists who go on adventure tourism mostly have the urge to get a satisfaction from a rush or flow which comes from moving away from their comforcultures. This satisfaction may be achieved through experiencing different cultures or extreme physical sports.

Some of these extreme activities include trekking, hiking, paragliding, mountaineering, caving, bungee jumping, scuba diving, sand boarding, zip lining, kayaking, and rafting.  Adventure traveling has amassed more interests worldwide because people can easily acquire some affordable technological products for this purpose. Such things as positioning systems and social networking are among technology's contribution to the growth of adventure travelling. Most of the interest which has been garnered by independent adventure travelling is because of the emergence of special websites dedicated to adventure travelling. These special websites serve to provide information about particularly interesting places all over the world.

Adventure travelling is divided into different parts, such as;

Cultural Exploration

This involves travelling to different places to have a different cultural experience which is alien to the adventure tourist's previous experiences. Apart from being educating and embroadening the person's mind, cultural exploration also serves to satisfy curiosity.

Travelling For Disaster

The adventure tourist is expected to go to a disaster affected place. This is all in a bid to satisfy curiosity. Disaster travelling can be dangerous as  well as invigorating. Sometimes, the tourists become nuisance if they interfere with relief aid.


Ecotourism is seen as a responsible part of adventure travelling because it involves the study and observation of the environment and natural areas where the environment is conserved to sustain the well-being of the local people. Mostly, ecotourists are passive. However, there has been increasing calls for ecotourists to not only observe but to also take actions that will contribute to the overall well-being of people in the targeted community and the environment as well.

Ethno Tourism

Ethno tourists travel with the aim of making contact with indigenous people of a foreign place and culture without any thought whatsoever about scientific gains. At its extreme, ethbi tourism entails making contacts with members of a tribe who are being protected against outside contact.

There are two problems that have come to fore because of this: one is exposing members of a particular tribe to diseases for which they have no immunity; and the possible degradation and sometimes extinction of a peculiar culture.

Extreme Tourism

This type of adventure travelling involves travelling to places of extreme and sometimes unpredictable dangers and or involving in extreme activities where any little mistake may be the difference between life and death. This type of adventure travelling overlaps with extreme sports.
Jungle Tourism Jungle tourism as a part of adventure travelling is on the rise. It involves trying to find a connection with the natural habitat.

Overland Travel

Overland travel deals with a group with tourist travelling together through different places over a particular period of time. They experience different cultures and events together. Jungle tourism started as far back as the 13th century when Marco Polo went on an expedition. He travelled all the way from Venice to Mongolian land and arrived at Kublai Khan's court.

Overland travelling is like a holiday adventure done mostly always in a group with a bus and a tour leader.

It ends after an agreed period of time, by which time the group would have been through visiting outlined placed. Sometimes, families use this as a bonding time.

Urban Exploration This part of adventure travelling has to do with the observation and examination of places within the developed urban community which has been marked as off limit. Sometimes it is referred to as infiltration. Some of these places are dangerous and its exploration foolhardy.

Nevertheless, people still go on urban exploration to satisfy their curiosity and get a rush through their systems. It is advisable to go in a group and to bear in mind that one is putting one's self in harm's way by participating in it, which is all the more reason to be very careful.

Ghetto Tourism

This kind of adventure travelling is one that includes all forms of entertainment; from gangsta rap to video games, TV, movies and other activities where one can move about in the inner city without having to leave home.

Whatever type one may choose to indulge in, adventure travelling comes with an aim—to achieve a particular mental state. In order to achieve this, one would most likely have to leave his comfort zone and move to other places where he will be bombarded with new experiences. Adventure travelling comes with the thrill that is always associated with adventure, the rush of adrenaline, the feeling that comes with doing something dangerous especially for people who indulge in extreme tourism. However, it us important not to get carried away while at it even as its popularity grows and more and more people are drawn into it. People that go for adventure tourism ought to be prepared mentally and otherwise.